Hades, a significant figure in Greek mythology, is the god of the Underworld and the ruler of the dead. He is one of the twelve Olympian gods, born to Cronus and Rhea, and the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. Hades was assigned the Underworld as his domain, where he presides over the souls of the deceased.

Hades is often misunderstood as an evil deity due to his association with the Underworld. However, in Greek mythology, he is portrayed as a fair and just ruler, maintaining order and balance in the afterlife. While his realm is associated with darkness and death, Hades is not seen as an antagonist but rather as an essential figure in the divine hierarchy.


Hades is often depicted as a solemn and dark figure, reflecting his association with the Underworld. He is portrayed as a mature deity with a beard, wearing a crown and holding a scepter. Hades is typically depicted in somber attire, symbolizing his connection to the realm of the dead and the solemnity of his role.

Powers & Abilities

As the ruler of the Underworld, Hades possesses immense powers and responsibilities. He has control over the souls of the dead and the realm in which they reside. Hades is capable of granting or denying passage to the afterlife and is known for his impartial judgment. He is also associated with wealth and is believed to hold vast treasures within the depths of the Underworld.


Hades is a member of the Olympian family, being the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. He is often depicted as part of the triumvirate ruling over the realms of the sky (Zeus), sea (Poseidon), and Underworld (Hades).

Hades is famously known for his wife, Persephone. According to mythology, he abducted her and made her his queen of the underworld. This event is intricately tied to the changing seasons, as Persephone’s time in the underworld corresponds to winter and her return to the surface brings about spring.


Several symbols are associated with Hades, representing his dominion over the Underworld and his authority over the deceased. The Helm of Darkness, also known as the Helm of Hades, is a prominent symbol. It grants Hades the power of invisibility and darkness. The bident, a two-pronged spear, is another symbol associated with Hades, representing his authority and power.


Worship of Hades in ancient Greece primarily involved rituals and ceremonies focused on honoring and appeasing him. Devotees sought to ensure a peaceful transition for the deceased to the Underworld and to gain Hades’ favor for their loved ones’ afterlife. Rituals often involved offerings and sacrifices made at the tombs or at sacred places associated with the Underworld.

Facts about Hades

  • Hades was not only the name of the god but also the name of his domain. As the ruler of the underworld, Hades presided over the realm of the dead, where souls would journey after death.
  • Hades was responsible for upholding the rules of the underworld. He ensured that the souls received their appropriate judgment and punishments or rewards based on their deeds in life.
  • Hades is often depicted with Cerberus, a three-headed dog that guards the gates of the underworld. Cerberus prevents the living from entering and keeps the souls from escaping.
  • Unlike many other gods, Hades had limited interaction with the world of the living. He rarely left the underworld and had little involvement in the affairs of the other gods and mortals.
  • Hades was also associated with wealth due to the underground resources found in the earth, such as precious metals and gemstones. This connection to wealth further emphasized his association with the realm of the dead.


Hades Facts

Rules over: Underworld
Symbols:Helm of Darkness, Bident, Horn of Plenty
Sacred animals:Screeching Owl, Black Ram, Serpent
Parents:Cronus (Father), Rhea (Mother)
Siblings:Poseidon, Zeus
Roman Similar: Pluto
Norse Similar: