Poseidon, a prominent figure in Greek mythology, is the god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses. He is one of the twelve Olympian gods and the brother of Zeus and Hades. Poseidon’s birth is often associated with his dominion over the vast bodies of water and his role as a powerful deity shaping the earth’s landscape.


Poseidon is typically depicted as a strong and mature deity with a sturdy build. He is often portrayed with a full beard and long hair, representing his association with the untamed forces of nature. Poseidon is shown holding a trident, a three-pronged spear, which symbolizes his dominion over the sea and his ability to stir up earthquakes.

Powers & Abilities

As the god of the sea, Poseidon possesses immense power over the waters. He can control the tides, calm or stir up storms, and summon waves. Poseidon’s connection to earthquakes reflects his ability to shape the earth’s crust. He is also known for his association with horses and is considered the creator of these majestic animals.


Poseidon is the son of Cronus and Rhea, making him part of the Titan family. He is the brother of Zeus, the king of the gods, and Hades, the god of the Underworld.

Poseidon’s most well-known relationship was with Amphitrite, a sea nymph and one of the Nereids. Despite his reputation for being moody and prone to temper, Poseidon pursued and won Amphitrite’s heart, and she became his queen and consort in the underwater palace.

Poseidon fathered numerous children with various goddesses and mortal women. Some of his famous offspring included Triton, the merman and messenger of the sea; Polyphemus, the cyclops from the Odyssey; and Theseus, the hero of Athens.

Poseidon’s relationships were not always harmonious. He had conflicts with various deities, including Athena, over the patronage of certain cities.


Several symbols are associated with Poseidon, representing his domains and attributes. The trident, his primary symbol, symbolizes his authority over the sea and his ability to stir up earthquakes. The dolphin is another significant symbol associated with Poseidon, representing his close connection to marine life and his role as a protector of sailors.


Poseidon had numerous temples and sanctuaries dedicated to him throughout Greece, especially in coastal areas and islands. The most famous of these was the Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion, overlooking the Aegean Sea.

Various festivals were held in honor of Poseidon, celebrating his power over the sea and his role in the natural world. One of the most famous festivals dedicated to him was the “Great Panathenaea” in Athens, which included a special procession to the sea to offer sacrifices and thank Poseidon for his protection.

Worshippers would make offerings and sacrifices to seek Poseidon’s favor and blessings. These offerings could include animals such as bulls, horses, and fish, as well as fruits, wine, and incense.

A ritual known as “Amphidromia” was performed to celebrate the birth of a child in ancient Greece. The father would carry the newborn around the hearth and then take the child to the temple of Poseidon, signifying the child’s entry into the community and seeking the god’s protection.

Poseidon was often revered as a city god in coastal city-states such as Corinth, where he played a significant role in the city’s identity and maritime affairs.

Facts about Poseidon

  • Poseidon played a significant role in the mythological tales of ancient Greece, including his rivalry with Athena for control over Athens and his involvement in the epic story of the Trojan War.
  • He is known for his passionate and sometimes volatile temperament, reflecting the unpredictable nature of the sea and earthquakes.
  • Poseidon’s trident is believed to have the power to create or destroy, symbolizing his control over the forces of nature.
  • He is often associated with the creation of sacred springs and fountains, believed to be a result of striking the earth with his trident.
  • Poseidon’s love for horses is showcased in various legends, such as his creation of the first horse and his connection to equestrian competitions.

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Poseidon Facts

Rules over: Sun
Sacred animals:Dolphin
Parents:Cronus (Father), Rhea (Mother)
Siblings:Hera, Zeus, Hades & others
Roman Similar: Neptune
Norse Similar: Njord, Aegir